In a bid to check safety and healthy work space, the Citizens Centre for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) has hinted that in the face of the coronavirus, every organization must see to the fact that their environment must be kept safe..
CCIDESOR noted that based on the challenges that governments, employers, workers and whole societies are facing worldwide to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work will focus on addressing the outbreak of infectious diseases at work, focusing on the COVID-19 pandemic. Concern is growing over the continuing rise in COVID-19 infections in some parts of the world and the ability to sustain declining rates in others.
The World Day for Safety and Health at Work will focus on addressing the outbreak of infectious diseases at work, focusing on the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim is to stimulate national tripartite dialogue on safety and health at work. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is using this day to raise awareness on the adoption of safe practices in workplaces and the role that Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) services play. It will also focus on the medium to long-term, including recovery and future preparedness, in particular, integrating measures into OSH management systems and policies at the national and enterprise levels.
noted that based on the challenges that governments, employers, workers and
whole societies are facing worldwide to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, the World
Day for Safety and Health at Work will focus on addressing the outbreak of
infectious diseases at work, focusing on the COVID-19 pandemic.Concern
is growing over the continuing rise in COVID-19 infections in some parts of the
world and the ability to sustain declining rates in others. Governments,
employers, workers and their organizations face enormous challenges as they try
to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and protect safety and health at work. Beyond
the immediate crisis, there are also concerns about resuming activity in a
manner that sustains progress made in suppressing transmission.
The World Day for Safety and Health at Work will focus on addressing the outbreak of infectious diseases at work, focusing on the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim is to stimulate national tripartite dialogue on safety and health at work. The ILO is using this day to raise awareness on the adoption of safe practices in workplaces and the role that occupational safety and health (OSH) services play. It will also focus on the medium to long-term, including recovery and future preparedness, in particular, integrating measures into OSH management systems and policies at the national and enterprise levels.
As the international community celebrates the World Malaria Day, Citizens Centre for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) has called for increased partnership with relevant stakeholders to End Malaria.
This year’s celebration was on promoting “Zero malaria starts with me”, a grassroots campaign that aims to keep malaria high on the political agenda, mobilize additional resources, and empower communities to take ownership of malaria prevention and care.
“We know that through country leadership and collective action, we can radically reduce suffering and death from malaria. Between 2000 and 2014, the number of malaria-related deaths fell by 40% worldwide, from an estimated 743 000 to 446 000.
But in recent years, progress has ground to a standstill. According to WHO’s WHO malaria report 2019, there were no global gains in reducing new infections over the period 2014 to 2018. And nearly as many people died from malaria in 2018 as the year before.
Urgent action is needed to get back on track, and ownership of the challenge lies in the hands of countries most affected by malaria. The “Zero malaria” campaign engages all members of society: political leaders who control government policy decisions and budgets; private sector companies that will benefit from a malaria-free workforce; and communities affected by malaria, whose buy-in and ownership of malaria control interventions is critical to success.
CCIDESOR posited that government must ensure increased budget for the combat of the scourge, adding that apart from the budget, the relevant bodies must follow the implementation of the budget o the letter
For the first time in decades, has the world experienced a global shutdown that deeply decimated the world’s economy within six months of the arrival of a deadly disease known as Coronavirus.
Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmitted and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus 2 (SAR-CoV-2) which emerged in Wuhan , China and spread across the world. This is why Donald Trump refers it as Chinese disease. However research showed that the SAR-CoV-2 is related to severe acute respiratory syndrome, which is SARS like, a bat virus hence the conclusion that bats could be the possible primary reservoir. So far, the intermediate source of origin and transfer to man is not known. However, the rapid transfer of the disease from man to man has been confirmed and still spreading..
As much as the disease is spreading like wildfire, there has been a global lockdown to curtail the spread. Unfortunately, thousands of people have died across the globe, from Asia to Europe, America to Africa etc. According to WHO, there is a total of 4, 258, 666 confirmed cases and 294, 190 deaths still counting. On the globe, two hundred and sixteen countries, areas and territories have indicated the prevalent cases of COVID-19. Unfortunately, in these countries, those that contacted the disease and those that died of it least expected it would happen, so had no future plan, especially for the bread winners who have dependants, and this has seriously compounded the crises across the globe. Proprietors of small and medium businesses such as petty traders, artisans, and subsistence farmers are facing hard times now, and no doubts, they may not survive the aftermath of the crises. For the developing countries, the consequence is disastrous and without financial support, small and medium industry may be brought to zero which is tantamount to loss of jobs and means of livelihoods. As a matter of fact, there will be rising cases of security issues, bordering on armed robbery, kidnapping, ritual killings and adverse behaviors. Currently, many families are faced with financial depression, hunger and abuse.
Internationally, bilateral trade has been brought to a halt and businesses around the world are left counting costs, while banks are slashing interest rates to encourage borrowing and spending in order to boost the economy. Consumers are witnessing stockpiling food in order to absorb the shock associated with the lockdown.
Since this locked down would have been a good opportunity for busy CEOs and business men to unite with their families, however there has been increasing incidence of sexual abuse, gender base and domestic violence. It is envisaged that drug abuse, unwanted pregnancy and abortion will take a high toll among persons within the school age this period.
More so, there have been ample cases of police brutality on citizens over deviance from staying at home and also killings of civilians, mostly youths in some part of Nigeria by soldiers. It is really unfair and unprofessional.
The global lockdown is historic, unpredicted and scary because of the widening fear of its attendant consequences.
As scientists are working hard to develop a COVID 19 vaccine, hopefully we will be alive to celebrate the end of this pandemic, and unite again with the quarantined. Before that, we should always remember to practice social distancing, use face masks, and sanitize our hand regularly.
And for those who have lost their lives untimely either by COVID-19, domestic violence, police brutality or by way of the guns, we pray solemnly for the repose of their souls.
The Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a highly transmitted and pathogenic viral infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SAR-CoV-2) which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread across the world. This is why Donald Trump refers it as Chinese disease. However research showed that the SAR-CoV-2 is related to severe acute respiratory syndrome, which is SARS like, a bat virus hence the conclusion that bats could be the possible primary reservoir
So far, the intermediate source of origin and transfer to man is not known. However, the rapid transfer of the disease from man to man has been confirmed and still spreading. An infected person may be sick with the virus for 1- 14 days before developing symptoms. The most common symptoms, is fever, tiredness, dry cough and difficulty in breathing.
There has been no recommended treatment for the disease, though some recover from it without special treatment while it is very acute with old people and people with cases of asthma, diabetes or heart disease.
As much as the diseases are spreading like wildfire, there has been a global lockdown to curtail the spread. Unfortunately, thousands of people have died across the globe, from Asia to Europe, American and Africa.
International bilateral trade has been brought to a halt and businesses around the world are left counting costs and banks slashing interest rates to encourage borrowing and spending in order to boost the economy. Consumers are witnessed stockpiling food in order to absorb the shock associated with the lockdown. Since this lockdown would have been a good opportunity for busy CEOs and business men to unite with their families, however there has been increasing incidence of sexual abuse and gender base and domestic violence.
The global lockdown is historic, unpredicted and scary because of the widening fear of its attendant consequences.
As scientists are working hard to develop a COVID 19 drug , hopefully we will be alive to celebrate the end of this pandemic, and unite again with the quarantined.
Before that, we should always remember to practice social distancing, use face masks, and sanitize our hand regularly.
And for those who have lost their lives untimely either by COVID-19, domestic violence, police brutality or by way of the guns, we pray solemnly for the repose of their souls.
By Nnaemeka Onyejiuwa Justin
As the World celebrates the 2020 World Health Day, the Citizens Centre for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) has called for standard medical practice in Nigeria and honoring of midwives and nurses who are involved directly as care givers to sick patients especially in the light of the pandemic which has ravaged the world.
The Executive of CCIDESOR, Ogechi Ikeh pointed out that with the outbreak of COVID-19, it has been discovered that the country has dearth of standard medical facilities, lack of well-equipped isolation centers and underpaid medical personnel, especially nurses and midwives who would serve as the sole care givers to infected patients
Today is set apart to celebrate and honor the tireless efforts of nurses and midwives arounf the globe more so, remind world leaders of the critical role these medical personnel play in keeping the world healthy. Nurses and other health workers are at the forefront of COVID-19 response – providing high quality, respectful treatment and care, leading community dialogue to address fears and questions and, in some instances, collecting data for clinical studies. Quite simply, without nurses, there would be no response.
In this International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife, World Health Day (WHO) highlights the current status of nursing and around the world. WHO and its partners will make a series of recommendations to strengthen the nursing and midwifery workforce.
This will be vital if we are to achieve national and global targets related to universal health coverage, maternal and child health, infectious and non-communicable diseases including mental health, emergency preparedness and response, patient safety and the delivery of integrated, people-centered care, amongst others.
CCIDESOR urged all and sundry to encourage and cooperate with professional care givers in leading the nation and globe at large to a standard health practice by maintaining standard personal hygiene, especially ensuring Water and Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) in the environment, social distancing, washing of hands with clean water and soap, avoiding of touching of faces with the hands and use of alcoholic hand sanitizers. We also ask the government to support care givers by giving them remuneration that covers the risk they take to take care of human lives and to create an environment of standard medical practice post COVID-19.
What is a coronavirus
The coronavirus family causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), according to the WHO.
They circulate in animals and some can be transmitted between animals and humans. Several coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
The new coronavirus, the seventh known to affect humans, has been named COVID-19.
What are the symptoms?
Common signs of infection include fever, coughing and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, it can cause pneumonia, multiple organ failure and death.
The incubation period of COVID-19 is thought to be between one and 14 days. It is contagious before symptoms appear, which is why so many people get infected. Infected patients can be also asymptomatic, meaning they do not display any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems.
Where did it come from?
China alerted the WHO to cases of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan on December 31, 2019
COVID-19 is thought to have originated in a seafood market where wildlife was sold illegally.
On February 7, Chinese researchers said the virus could have spread from an infected animal to humans through illegally trafficked pangolins, prized in Asia for food and medicine.
The WHO declared that on March 11, and said it was “deeply concerned by the alarming levels of spread and severity” of the outbreak.
What to do
The WHO recommends basic hygiene such as regularly washing hands with soap and water, and covering your mouth with your elbow when sneezing or coughing.
Maintain social distancing- keeping at least 1.8 metres (six feet) between yourself and others – particularly if they are coughing and sneezing, and avoid touching your face, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid unnecessary, unprotected contact with animals and be sure to thoroughly wash hands after contact.
The concerted effort of the Imo State Government towards the completion of abandoned projects has been commended by the Citizens Center for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR).
When huge sums of money are earmarked for projects and they are not completed to the benefits of citizens, the short and long term intentions are eroded. Indeed, the Government of the day can change the narrative of governance if they exert and expedite effort in ensuring that uncompleted projects, irrespective of who the original initiator is, are completed. The State Government has started the completion especially that it has understood that government is continuum.
CCIDESOR has continued to advocate for completion of abandoned projects in the state which is for the ultimate gains of the citizens and builds political capital of the state government.
CCIDESOR has been the advocate of completion of abandoned projects for democratic gains.
At the centre of dividends of democracy is the effective and timely implementation of capital projects which help to improve the standard of living and livelihood of citizens. When the completion of capital projects implementation is delayed or abandoned, then democracy dividends have either been delayed or denied. But if the qualities of projects are poor, then the citizens have been short-changed. When government spends public funds on capital projects that don’t get finished or is abandoned, then dividend of democracy is delayed or denied.
To ascertain what causes the delay of democracy dividends to citizens, Citizens Center for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) during her USAID project with focus on abandoned projects scattered all over the state, CCIDESOR did mapping of abandoned project in Imo State which was taken from 2010-2014, where about 121 capital projects were mapped. Out of the 121 capital projects, 32 were completed without quality, 51 projects were ongoing/uncompleted, while 34 projects were abandoned. 4 projects were not sighted. Most of the projects are still not completed. When one adds the number to the current motley of uncompleted projects, the number rises to a worrisome note.
CCIDESOR urges the state government to ensure that projects that provide dividends of democracy are completed before starting new ones stressing that since the intention still is for the development of the state, the completion will serve the purpose.
As the world celebrates the International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims, Citizens Centre for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) has insisted that the rights to human dignity should be taken seriously.
CCIDESOR noted that every citizens’ rights must be protected and preserved as is in line with the ideas and values of the organization. It noted that once every citizen is given fair protection and enjoys non-violation of their rights, the society becomes a better place.
This annual observance pays tribute to the memory of Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero, who was murdered on 24 March 1980. Monsignor Romero was actively engaged in denouncing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable individuals in El Salvador. The purpose of the Day is to: Honour the memory of victims of gross and systematic human rights violations and promote the importance of the right to truth and justice; Pay tribute to those who have devoted their lives to, and lost their lives in, the struggle to promote and protect human rights for all; Recognize, in particular, the important work and values of Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero, of El Salvador, who was assassinated on 24 March 1980, after denouncing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable populations and defending the principles of protecting lives, promoting human dignity and opposition to all forms of violence.
On 21 December 2010, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 24 March as the International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims.
The date was chosen because on 24 March 1980, Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero of El Salvador was assassinated, after denouncing violations of human rights.
In a study conducted in 2006 the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights concluded that the right to the truth about gross human rights violations and serious violations of human rights law is an inalienable and autonomous right, linked to the duty and obligation of the State to protect and guarantee human rights, to conduct effective investigations and to guarantee effective remedy and reparations.
The Citizens Centre for Integrated Development and Social Rights (CCIDESOR) has called on increased effort to end tuberculosis.
CCIDESOR calls on governments, affected communities,
civil society organizations, health-care providers, and national/international
partners to unite forces under the banner “Find. Treat. All. #EndTB” to ensure
no one is left behind.
Each year, there is
commemoration of World Tuberculosis (TB) Day on March 24 to raise public
awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB,
and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic. The date marks the day in
1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that
causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.
TB remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer. Each day, over 4000 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill with this preventable and curable disease. Global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 58 million lives since the year 2000. To accelerate the TB response in countries to reach targets – Heads of State came together and made strong commitments to end TB at the first-ever UN High Level Meeting in September 2018. The theme of World TB Day 2020 – ‘It’s time’ – puts the accent on the urgency to act on the commitments made by global leaders to: scale up access to prevention and treatment; build accountability; ensure sufficient and sustainable financing including for research; promote an end to stigma and discrimination, and promote an equitable, rights-based and people-centered TB response.
The poor and vulnerable are usually characterized by severe material deprivation which manifests in their inability to: obtain an adequate income; find a stable job; own property; and maintain healthy living conditions. Further, the poor lack an adequate level of education, cannot satisfy basic health needs, in poor health, and have short life span. The poor is in persistent social conditions of poverty and transmission from one generation to the next. They often lack the capacity to escape from their situation by themselves except they are assisted.
As stated in various literatures, those often affected by poverty/vulnerability to poverty in Nigeria usually include:
- Young children
- Pregnant mothers
- The elderly
- Inhabitants of rural areas and marginal urban zones
- People who have not been integrated into the society
It must be stressed that being in any of the listed above does not make one to be poor or vulnerable to poverty. Rather, there must have been some conditions that predispose them to poverty and the inability of those of them that have fallen below the poverty line or are vulnerable to poverty to come out of poverty. They must also exhibit some welfare outcomes which make them poor in the society that they live in. Field experience also revealed that the poor and the vulnerable are usually:
- Unable to eat adequately (e.g. three square meals per day)
- Always in tattered clothes
- Unable to send children to school
- Live in poor housing units
- Beg for food
- Cannot cook good food
- Cannot afford health bills and make recourse to self-medication/patronize unorthodox health care providers
- Cannot find job to do
- Have low level of or no education
- Have lost bread winner or do not have children to take care of them
- Cannot come out to mix in the community
The existence of coordinating platform and database is expected to assist in ensuring effective targeting that minimises errors of inclusion and exclusion, reduction of duplication of efforts, reduction of double dips, good monitoring and better impact evaluation of the programme outcomes.
Social protection is the protection of those who fall temporarily or persistently under levels of livelihood deemed unacceptable or are likely to do so. It is not the promotion of a general standard of opportunity and livelihood for all citizens. It is made up of social security (comprising social assistance and social insurance in developed economies) and Social Safety Net (SSN) in developing economies. SSN is a non-contributory transfer targeted at the poor and vulnerable. It is a safety valve to prevent people from going further below the poverty line by cushioning them against shocks or risks that can further jeopardize their livelihood status. It consists of transfers in cash and kind, income generating activities e.g. public works and protecting human capital.
The manual for the National Social Safety Net Project (NASSP) under the Social Investment Programme of the Federal Government, is a revision of what was originally designed as a users’ guide for the selection and management of beneficiaries for the Youth Employment and Social Support Operation (YESSO) but now modified for use as a guide in the selection and management of beneficiaries in National Social Safety Nets Programme (NASSP). The NASSP includes targeted interventions including a based and conditional cash transfers.
The program uses a combination of targeting methods including geographic targeting, Community-Based Targeting (CBT), and the application of a Proxy Means Test (PMT) for identifying and screening poor and vulnerable households for its interventions. The database of identified poor households, families or individual called State Social Register of Poor and Vulnerable Households SRPVH or Social Register of Poor (SRP) or simply Social Register (SR), can be used for selecting beneficiaries for NASSP and other targeted social safety net programs in the future as part of a social protection system.
An important feature of this manual is the articulation of a series of steps that would not only lead to gathering information on the poor and vulnerable, but also how to ensure that such information is translated into a secured data that could be of value to a different stakeholders.
The concepts of poverty and vulnerability have come to stay in welfare discourse. Though, the two are interrelated, they do not necessarily mean the same. While poverty is a static concept dealing with those that are poor at that point in time (i.e. analyzed at a point in time), vulnerability is a dynamic concept looking at not only those that are poor now but those that are likely to become poor or move out of poverty at a future date. Hence, poverty is an ex post measure while vulnerability is an ex ante measure of condition of living. Figure 1 below provides further insight to the difference between poverty and vulnerability. Vulnerability can be seen as movement into and out of the poverty pool. The vulnerability of a household can therefore be viewed within the context of the risk chain with three interrelated components
A household here is defined as group of people living together, eating from the same source and impacting on the well-being of each other either by contributing resources to or taking resources from a common pool.
Poverty is the lack of command over commodities (such as food and non-food items, key assets and social determinants) essential for human development leading to pronounced deprivation in well-being or welfare. Vulnerability on the other hand, is the risk that a household or individual will, if currently non-poor, fall below the poverty line, or if currently poor, will remain in poverty. It is also regarded as exposure to adverse shocks, rather than to poverty under a multidimensional view. When uncertainty or shocks occur some individuals are able to manage it and still maintain their welfare level, but some are not able to and so they experience welfare loss. Such individuals are vulnerable to poverty. The poor are particularly more vulnerable, because they already have difficulty in their welfare situation and so with a shock or sudden debilitating events, they fall deeper into poverty.
Dimensions of Poverty and Vulnerability
Poverty is usually considered from money-metric and non-money-metric approaches. The money-metric approach uses money as the yardstick to determine level of poverty of a given individual or household. This approach uses either income or consumption as the basis for determining poverty. However, because of the weak income data and the possibility of non-reportage of actual income by people in developing economies, the consumption expenditure is seen as a good measure of money-metric poverty. Hence, individuals or households are rated poor or non-poor based on their expenditure on basic needs for healthy living. From the perspective of non-money metric poverty, different dimensions of living are normally used including asset, poor health, poor nutritional status, low level of education or illiteracy, lack of (access to) basic services, social exclusion, insecurity, lack of freedom and voice and lack of empowerment. In this kind of approach, poverty is viewed from the different aspects of life which cannot be easily monetised but which affect the status of individuals or households. This approach is also referred to as multidimensional poverty.
It must be stated that poverty can be analysed on individual, household or community (geographical) basis. Community poverty deals essentially with lack of or inadequate basic social infrastructure essential for good living by a defined geographical entity which then limits the well-being of inhabitants. Hence, communities can be regarded as poor relative to each other and this can be used to select poor communities using geographical targeting. Household poverty relates to inability of households to meet basic needs of life for its members while individual poverty talks about inability of an individual to meet basic needs essential for healthy living. ex ante (preventive risk management strategies) or ex post (risk mitigating and coping strategies).